The first talking movie were produced in France before 1900 by Léon Gaumont. They were short films, starring great performers such as Sarah Bernhardt, in which the moving pictures were synchronized with a gramophone record. By 1912 Eugene Lauste had discovered the basic method for recording sound on film, while Thomas Edison produced several one-reel talking pictures in the United States. An American, Lee de Forest, improved the system.
In all of this, public showed interest until the presentation on October 6, 1927 of the Jazz Singer. This was a silent picture, starring Al Jolson, with four talking and singing interludes. Jolson's electric personality and the very much improved sound began a movie revolution. Within the year every important picture was being produced as a "talkie". By 1930, silent films were a thing of the past, and many films stars found themselves has-beens because their voices recorded badly.